Year 9 — Design Technology

Term 1: Decorative keepsake box

• Secondary research tasks of what is available.

• Design ideas and development of product.

• Specification writing.

• Understanding CAD/CAM and how to create component drawings.

• Manufacture of product using hand making processes with tools and some CAD/CAM.

• Decorative finishing techniques such as decoupage.

• Health and safety in the workshop and using tools.

• 3D drawing techniques.

• Evaluation and testing.

Once every 2/4 weeks on specific pieces of design process and making.

Designing product and devlopment.

Making - comb joints, fitting, and finish.

Pine

A natural timber, a soft wood, grown from coniferous trees which are fast growing. Relatively cost effective as a material and is light in colour with a grain.

Comb Joints

A finger joint, also known as a comb joint, is a woodworking joint made by cutting a set of complementary, interlocking profiles in two pieces of wood, which are then glued. The cross-section of the joint resembles the interlocking of fingers between two

Plywood

A type of strong thin wooden board consisting of two or more layers glued and pressed together with the direction of the grain alternating.

Wood stain

A commercially produced substance for colouring wood. Available in a variety of colours, 2 or morel coats will be needed.

Decoupage

Découpage involves cutting out pictures, gluing them to an object and then coating the pictures and the object with layers of varnish. Can be achieved with magazines, wallpaper or wrapping paper as well as printed images from pc's.

PVA glue

Polyvinyl Acetate: This type of PVA glue is used for book binding, box sealing, and used in paints. Dries solid over 24 hours, can be used to join wood together for a strong permanent old.

Tacks

A small, sharp broad-headed nail applied with a pin hammer.

Varnish

Resin dissolved in a liquid for applying on wood, metal, or other materials to form a hard, clear, shiny surface when dry.

Disc Sander

The Disk Sander is used to smooth materials such as woods and plastics. It is also used to remove small amounts of waste material. It is a dangerous machine if safety is ignored. Goggles must be worn at all times.

Fret Saw

The fretsaw is a bow saw used for intricate cutting work which often incorporates tight curves. Although the coping saw is often used for similar work, the fretsaw is capable of much tighter radii and more delicate work.

Tenon saw

A tenon saw has a relatively short blade and a stiff spine running along its back. Used for cutting straight lines in wood.

Coping saw

A saw with a very narrow blade stretched across a D-shaped frame, used for cutting curves in wood.

Bench Hook

A bench hook is a workbench accessory used in woodworking, and its purpose is to provide a stop against which the piece of wood being worked can be firmly held, without having to use the vice, this saves time.

Sand paper

Sandpaper is produced in a range of grit sizes and is used to remove material from surfaces, either to make them smoother, to remove a layer of material (such as old paint), or sometimes to make the surface rough.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students are encouraged to talk about their making methods and have confidence in their ability to use new tools understanding the health and safety implications. Students are taught to take pride in their work to create a product of high standard and appreciate the need for well made wood joints. Students can develop an understanding of how time and effort can play a part in making a product that is well presented, constructed and finished.

Create a supportive community:

They are encouraged to support each other in making the wood joints with students helping other students in need, they can be used for demos so they also become the teacher. Students can work in groups to create their projects in order to share strengths and weaknesses in making and finishing.

Term 2: Completion of keep sake project

• Apply finishes to keep sake boxes using paint, wax or varnish.

• Some CAD/CAM design on the box if possible.

• Testing of the box for strength and durability.

• Final evaluation from customer or client.

Once every 2/4 weeks on specific pieces of design process and making. Final assessment of keepsake box project with end of unit exam on technical knowledge.

MDF

Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) is an engineered wood product made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure.

Finishes

Applying paint, varnish, wax etc to a product to provide an outer layer to protect against wear and tear ensuring a longer life span of the product.

Sanding

To remove the excess wood (rough wood) from a product using sand or glass paper or disc sander for a smooth finish before a finish is added.

Disc sander

Machines used to remove rough wood edges from various types of wood. Health and safety equipment such as googles should be used with this machine.

Testing

To apply various forces and collect opinions about your product to see what the customer may think of your work and to make improvements.

Evaluation

Critical opinion from yourself and others in written form to oversee how your product has turned out, what are you happy with, or not? what can be improved?

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students develop an understanding of how finishes can help to protect a product and give a longer life span. testing will ensure students know and understand how product in real settings would be tested before sale.Students can see and realise a final product and take pride in their work.

Create a supportive community:

Students are encouraged to give feedback to each other and support the improvements needed to be made by each student with constructive criticism. Students are to support other students in completing their products on time if some students need this with pairing up.

Term 3: Pewter Casting

Pewter cast jewellery project

• Health and safety in using metals and metal working tools.

• Create templates from laser cutter or by hand to create moulds for pewter

casting.

• Shaping and finishing of metals.

• Secondary research tasks including product analysis.

• Design ideas and development of product.

• Understanding coral draw and layout for packaging to function.

• Manufacture of product printers, cutting and card processes.

• Decorative finishing techniques such as foiling and embossing and die cutting.

• Evaluation and testing.

Once every 2/4 weeks on specific pieces of design process and making.

Pewter

Pewter is an attractive metal which has been used for the production of household and other items in Britain since Roman times. It is an alloy consisting mostly of tin which has been mixed with small amounts of other metals such as copper.

MDF

Medium density fibreboard, a man made material used to make the pewter mould.

wet and dry paper

A flexible waterproof backing paper coated with abrasive. Used wet or dry for sanding paint, primer and body filler on metals.

hack saw

A hacksaw is a fine-toothed saw, originally and mainly made for cutting metal.

melting point

The temperature at which a given solid will melt.

Casting

Pouring molten metal or other material into a mould.

Drilling

Drilling is a cutting process that uses a drill bit to cut or enlarge a hole ofcircular cross-section in solid materials.

Hallmarking

An official mark stamped on gold and silver articles in the UK to attest their purity.

Investment mould

A mould used in casting that can withstand extreme heat.

Molten metal

Metal that has become liquefied by heat.

Non precious metal

Anything that is not considered of high monetary value due to rarity.

Pewter

A malleable metal alloy, traditionally 85- 99% tin, with a very low melting point.

Polishing

Make the surface of (something) smooth and shiny by rubbing it.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Gives students an understanding of materials they may not see outside school, new key words and making processes to inform their knowledge. Gives students an understanding of right and wrong processes in making and an opportunity to deal with constructive criticism from other students in order to follow processes, health and safety and making improvements.

Create a supportive community:

Students are to work in small groups with the pewter casting and support each other with the teacher. They can be sued in demos if they have a good understanding of the process. Builds confidence in students working as a team to create a final product.

Term 4: Perfume Project

• Secondary research tasks including product analysis.

• Design ideas and development of product.

• Specification writing.

• Developing a logo and brand.

• Drawing skills such as rendering, Isometric and oblique drawing techniques

to be taught.

Once every 2/4 weeks on specific pieces of design process and making.

Strong links to GCSE marking here 9-1 using the GCSE mark scheme.

CAD

Computer Aided Design

CAM

Computer Aided Manufacture

Secondary Research

Research collected using existing sources such as newspapers, magazines, books and the internet. This is information that already exists and has been founded by someone else.

Specification

A specific list of points needed to be included in the design of a product such as the aesthetics, function and material.

Aesthetics

The way a product looks, its colour, appearance, pattern and texture.

Design Brief

A Design brief is a document for a design project developed by a person or team in consultation with the client. They outline the deliverable aspects and scope of the project including any products or works, timing and budget.

Life cycle of a product

Product life-cycle management is the succession of strategies by business management as a product goes through its life-cycle. The conditions in which a product is sold changes over time and must be managed as it moves through its succession of stages.

Client

The person you are making the product for. Specific to their needs.

feedback

Collection of opinions and views from students, staff and clients about your product. Could be collected by questionnaire, verbally, email etc.

Design Context

A challenge set by the exam board for the NEA, 2-3 are set students are to choose one for their project in year 11.

Market research

Asking the target market what they like or dislike about products, to help you with your design. Look at other design available on the market.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students are encouraged to talk about their making methods and have confidence in their ability to use new tools understanding the health and safety implications. Students are taught to take pride in their work to create a product of high standard and appreciate the need for well designed logos. Students can develop an understanding of how time and effort can play a part in making a product that is well presented, constructed and finished.

Create a supportive community:

Students can reflect on their research and share information and ideas form this research to inform others. They can support each other and the wider community as they have a deeper understanding of the wants and needs of others based on the design for a product.

Term 5: Perfume point of sale

• Manufacture of product using hand making graphic techniques and laser cutter.

• Decorative finishing techniques used in Graphics.

• Evaluation and testing of products with photographs.

Once every 2/4 weeks on specific pieces of design process and making. Final assessment of pyjama project.

Decoupage

Découpage involves cutting out pictures, gluing them to an object and then coating the pictures and the object with layers of varnish. Can be achieved with magazines, wallpaper or wrapping paper as well as printed images from pc's.

Isometric Drawing

A pictorial representation of an object in which all three dimensions are drawn at full scale. An isometric drawing looks like an isometric projection but all its lines parallel to the three major axis at 30 degrees.

Hallmarking

An official mark stamped on gold and silver articles in the UK to attest their purity.

6 R's

The 6 Rs - Sustainability and Recycling. Recycle, Rethink, Refuse, Reuse, Repair and Reduce.

Graphics wrap

Creates a finish to the surface of the housing that is interesting and appealing to the client.

350 Micron card

Card thickness or calliper is traditionally measured in Microns. 1000 Microns = 1mm, so the higher the value, the thicker the card or paper.

Render

To apply colour, shading and tone to a drawing to make it look more realistic.

Point of Sale

The place at which a retailer will display a product to enhance the advertising and sales.

Advertising

The activity or profession of producing advertisements for commercial products or services to enhance sales in shops and online.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Gives students an understanding onto how their product will look, links back to the specification and the customers wants and needs so they are evaluating throughout. Means discussions with the client again and fitting it to their needs not the students. Builds on social skills and various ways of communicating, good preparation for GCSE.

Create a supportive community:

Students can share skills in their making of prototypes and support other students with construction methods in modeling. Sharing of resources and materials so students can access material they may not have at home. Shows imagination and creativity from students which they can share and hopefully influence others.

Term 6: Completion of Perfume Project

• Understanding product labels and graphic design.

• Decorative finishing techniques such as foiling and duplex printing.

• Evaluation and testing.

• Revision of theory knowledge.

Once every 2/4 weeks on specific pieces of design process and making. Final assessment of Perfume project with a final grade given 1-9.

Evaluation

A written assessment of your project, what went well for you, what needs to be improved and what do other people think of your work.

Finishing Techniques

The final surface finish applied surface to a product such as lamination, spot glossing etc.

feedback

Opinions from a client or customer to check the progress of a product to fit the design specification and design brief.

Plan of making

Production planning is the planning of production and manufacturing modules in a company or industry. It utilises the resource allocation of tasks, cost, materials, manufacture methods, time and production capacity, in order to serve different customers.

Manufacture

How the product is made using CAD and CAM techniques as well as practical making processes with had tools and machinery.

Testing

Go through a series of tests such as weight, and strength to see how successful the product is made and constructed.

Client

The person you are making the product for. Specific to their needs.

CAD modelling

CAD modelling is mainly used for detailed engineering of 3D models or 2D drawings of physical components, such as handles and even the overall end product. Shows rough images of the final design and elements of it. Sketch up, 2D Design, Illustrator etc.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

tudents develop an understanding of how finishes can help to protect a product and give a longer life span. Testing will ensure students know and understand how products in real settings would be tested before sale. Students can see and realise a final product and take pride in their work. Strong links with GCSE marks here.

Create a supportive community:

Students are encouraged to give feedback to each other and support the improvements needed to be made by each student with constructive criticism. Students are to support other students in completing their products on time if some students need this with pairing up. Share revision resources and ideas also creates a strong community in the classroom.