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St Andrews
##### KS3 Curriculum Guide - Year 8 Maths
Term 1Types of Numbers, Angles, Constructions and Probability
Students will multiply and divide negative numbers, find HCF’s and LCM’s, use powers and roots and find prime factors. Students will measure, draw and calculate angles in polygons and parallel lines. They will explore the properties of quadrilaterals and learn how to accurately construct polygons. Students will translate shapes and enlarge a shape by a given scale factor. Students will create sample space diagrams in order to calculate probabilities. They will learn how to draw and use Venn diagrams to solve probability problems.
Assessment: 50 minute assessment on T1 topics (Non-calculator) Key Words and Terms

Term 2Percentages, Congruent Shapes, Further Sequences, Surface Area and the Volume of a Prism
Students will learn how to write one quantity as a percentage of another and how to calculate percentage change. Students will learn how to recognise congruent shapes and solve geometrical problems using congruent triangles. Students will find nth terms of more complex sequences and explore the Fibonacci sequence. Students will learn how to convert between different metric units for both area and volume. They will also calculate the surface area and the volume of a prism.
Assessment: 50 minute assessment on T1 and T2 topics (Calculator)Key Words and Terms

Term 3Graphs, Powers & Significant Figures, Drawing & Interpreting Tables & Graphs
Students will learn about gradients and explore the connection between the equation of a straight line and the gradient. They will explore the properties of a quadratic graph and draw graphs to illustrate real life situations. Students will multiply and divide negative powers of 10 and round numbers to a given number of significant figures. They will learn to use standard form. Students will learn to construct and interpret scatter graphs. They will draw and use lines of best fit to understand the idea of correlation.
Assessment: 50 minute assessment on T1, T2 and T3 topics (Calculator)Key Words and Terms

Term 4Algebraic Expressions, Shape & Ratio
Students will simplify expressions and expand brackets. They will learn to write algebraic expressions involving powers. Students will learn how to use ratio to compare lengths, areas and volumes, of 2D and 3D shapes. They will enlarge shapes using fractional and negative scale factors, and use different map scales.
Assessment: 50 minute assessment on T1, T2, T3 and T4 topics (Non-calculator) Key Words and Terms

Term 5Fractions & Decimals, Direct & Indirect Proportion & Circles
Students will add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions, mixed numbers and decimals. Students will learn how to solve problems involving direct and indirect proportion. They will represent proportions of quantities using graphs and algebra. Students will identify the parts of a circle. They will calculate the circumference and area of a circle. They will calculate the perimeter and area of semicircles and sectors of circles.
Assessment: Year 8 examination - Two 50 assessments on all topics taught so far in Year 8 (Paper 1 non-calculator, Paper 2 calculator) Key Words and Terms

Term 6Equations & Formulae, Comparing Statistical Distributions & Statistical Investigation
Students will solve a range of equations involving brackets and fractions and learn how to rearrange formulae. They will learn how to use graphs to solve equations. Students will use grouped frequency tables and construct frequency polygons. They will calculate statistics from given data and use this information to compare distributions. Students will learn to recognise misleading graphs. Students will collect, present and interpret data in order to test a hypothesis.
Assessment: 50 minute assessment on topics taught in Year 8Key Words and Terms