Year 8 — Religion & Philosophy

Term 1: What is Philosophy?

What is Philosophy?

In this unit students will experience an introduction to Philosophy. They will critically consider questions such as: 'Does God exist?', ‘Who am I?’ and 'Can I trust my senses?'

Students will be asked a range of questions, based on the GCSE format, regarding the key content and skills studied during this unit.

Philosophy

'Love of wisdom' - the study of big questions.

Ethics

How we behave; what is right and wrong?

Materialism

The belief that we are physical beings without a separate mind/soul.

Dualism

The belief that we are made up of two distinct elements: body and mind/soul.

Scepticism

Doubting things e.g. that what we experience is real.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community:

Term 2: Why do we suffer?

Why do we suffer?

Students explore the problem of evil by looking at Christian, Atheist and Buddhist beliefs about why there is evil and suffering in the world. They will look at examples of evil and suffering in the world as well as developing a range of key vocabulary to support their understanding of these topics further into GCSE RP.

Students will be asked a range of questions, based on the GCSE format, regarding the key content and skills studied during this unit.

Theodicy

A way of justifying God, despite evil.

Original Sin

The sin that we are born with that we inherit from Adam and Eve.

Omnipotent

All powerful

Omnibenevolent

All loving

Anatta

No permanent self.

Anicca

Everything changes.

Dukkha

Suffering.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community:

Term 3: What happens when we die?

What happens when we die?

Students explore the similarities and differences between beliefs about the afterlife, particularly between Christians and Hindus. They will critically examine the evidence for heaven from Near Death Experiences, and also for reincarnation from remembered lives.

Students will be asked a range of questions, based on the GCSE format, regarding the key content and skills studied during this unit.

Near Death Experience

Some form of spiritual experience when someone crosses into death before being resuscitated.

Reincarnation

The belief that after death we are born into a new body on earth.

Atman

Soul.

Karma

The belief that your actions have consequences into your next life.

Samsara

The cycle of life and death and re-birth.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community:

Term 4: How should we act?

How should we act?

In this unit, students will consider what makes people behave the way they do. They will focus on Christian and secular approaches to moral decision making, taking in some ethical philosophers on the way.

Students will be asked a range of questions, based on the GCSE format, regarding the key content and skills studied during this unit.

Ethics

How we behave; our sense of right and wrong.

Situation Ethics

We should always do the most loving thing.

Utilitarianism

We should always do what is best for the greatest number of people.

Egoism

We should do what is best for ourselves.

Holy Laws

Commandments given by God.

Conscience

The voice of morality/God within us.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community:

Term 5: How should we respond to wrongdoing?

How should we respond to wrongdoing?

In this unit students will explore the topics of crime and punishment with reference to Muslim and Christian attitudes towards lawbreakers and different types of crime. Students will learn about religious beliefs about forgiveness, the death penalty and the treatment and punishment of criminals.

Students will be asked a range of questions, based on the GCSE format, regarding the key content and skills studied during this unit.

Capital Punishment

The death penalty; legally taking someone's life as a punishment.

Retribution

Getting even; revenge.

Deterrent

Something which puts someone off from doing something e.g. a crime.

Rehabilitation

Time spent getting help to solve a problem.

Forgiveness

Accepting a wrong doing and letting go of it.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community:

Term 6: Are we equal?

Are we equal?

In this unit, students will examine how people are treated in different elements of society. They will critically examine how different groups are valued and whether this has implications for equality or not. Students will study Sikhism and its emphasis on equality and evaluate this.

Students will be asked a range of questions, based on the GCSE format, regarding the key content and skills studied during this unit.

Langar

Free kitchen/meal.

Gurdwara

Sikh temple.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community: