Year 8 — History

Term 1: Who were the Tudors?

Who Were The Tudors?

- What was Britain like in 1509?

- What was the young Henry VIII like?

- Why did religion change so much under the Tudors?

- Was Mary really Bloody?

- Why did the Spanish Armada fail?

- What were Tudor leisure, education and society like?

Students complete a 12-mark causation assessment.

Henry VII

First Tudor monarch

War of the Roses

The civil war between the houses of Lancaster and York.

Henry VIII

King of England between 1509-1547

Catherine of Aragon

First wife of Henry VIII

Thomas Wolsey

Henry VIII's first key Minister

Anne Boleyn

2nd wife of Henry VIII


The changes of the Church in England, including the removal of the Pope as its head.

Dissolution of the Monasteries

The selling off of the monasteries.

Pilgrimage of Grace

Rebellion against the dissolution of the monasteries

Mary Rose

Favourite ship of Henry VIII

Edward VI

Son of Henry VIII

Lady Jane Grey

Queen of England for 9 days

Bloody Mary

Henry VIII's eldest daughter

Latymer and Ridley burnings

Two Protestant bishops that were burned by Mary I

Elizabeth I

Daughter of Henry VIII and Queen between 1558-1603

Spanish Armada

Massive Spanish fleet launched to protect an invasion force against England in 1588

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Develops an understanding of causes and consequences, and the use of reasoning to link and prioritise different causes.

Create a supportive community:

Develops an understanding of the roots of the modern established Church of England, and the consequences of religious hatred.

Term 2: The Stuarts, Cromwell and the Civil War

Why did the English make war against themselves? The Stuarts, Cromwell and the Civil War.

- Why did a Scot become King of England?

- How did Charles upset Parliament?

- Why did the Parliamentarians win the English Civil War?

- Was Cromwell a Hero or a Villain?

Assessment focused on historical 'significance'.

James I

King of England 1603-1625

Gunpowder Plot

The assassination attempt against King James I by Catholic terrorists

Guy Fawkes

Leader of the Gunpowder Plot

Charles I

King of England during the Civil War

Oliver Cromwell

Leader of the Parliamentarians

The English Civil War

War between Parliament and the king

Battle of Marston Moor

Decisive roundhead victory in the Civil War

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Helps students understand the reasons for political violence and to consider capital punishment.

Create a supportive community:

Encourages and understand of the power of parliament and the crown in modern Britain and the importance of debate and freedom.

Term 3: Who rules? The Restoration & The Glorious Revolution

Who rules? The Restoration and the Glorious Revolution.

- Who was the Merrie Monarch?

- How did the Stuarts respond to the Great Plague?

- Who caused the Great Fire of London?

- Was the Glorious Revolution really Glorious?

Students will be assessment on a 'change and continuity' 8 mark question

The Merry Monarch

The nickname of Charles II for his love of parties and drinking.

The Great Fire of London

Massive fire in London in 1666

Samuel Pepys

Famous 17th century source

James II

Catholic King of England during Glorious Revolution

The Glorious Revolution

A success rebellion to remove King James II from the throne to be replaced by William of Orange

The Jacobite Rebellions

Scottish rebellion to put the son of James II on the throne.

The Battle of Culloden

Major battle between the British government forces and the Jacobites. Government victory.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Create a supportive community:

Term 4: Why did two new Republics emerge?

Why did two new Republics emerge? The French Revolution and the American War of Independence.

- What were the Thirteen Colonies?

- What was the significance of the French and Indian War?

- Why did the Americans want independence?

- Why did the British fail in the war of Independence?

- What was the Ancien Régime?

- Which ideas did the people behind the French Revolution believe in?

- How successful was Napoleon?

- What was the American West like?

Cause and consequence question focused on one of the two revolutions.

The Enlightenment

The period of the 18th century were traditional forms of government began to be challenged.

13 Colonies

The British colonies in the eastern seaboard of North America

French and Indian War

War between Britain and France. American theatre of the 7 Years War.


The idea that colonies' existence is to enrich the mother country.

Proclamation Line

The border where the colonists were refused expansion west in the American colonies by the British

The Townsend Acts

The acts of Parliament that antagonised the American Colonists, such as tax on tea, sugar and stamps.

The American Revolution

The War between American colonists and the British

Battle of Yorktown

Last major battle of the American Revolution. Patriot victory.

George Washington

Leader of the Americans in the revolution

The Ancien Regime

The 3 Estate System that proceeded the French Revolutions.

Napoleon Bonaparte

French general and emperor

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

The student evaluates substantive historical content and exercises a judgement assessing a variety of factors for the causation of the French and American Revolutions.

Create a supportive community:

The students explore the development of democracy around the world and how that reflected their culture.

Term 5: How did Great Britain begin to modernise? The Vote and the Industrial Revolution

How did Great Britain begin to modernise? The Vote and the Industrial Revolution.

- How successful were different types of protest: Gordon Riots, Peterloo and Chartism?

- How much did the Industrial Revolution change Britain?

- How did ordinary people respond to the Industrial Revolution?

- How did more and more people get the Vote?

Students are assessed on life in the Industrial Revolution through sources.

The Industrial Revolution

The change from a agrarian society in England to an urban industrial.

Steam Engine

Engine powered by water steam.

Textile industry

The industry making clothes


The artificial river system set up across Britain.

Work houses

Where people would work if they could not pay rent and debts

Child labour

When children go to work.


A water based disease common during the Industrial Revolution

The 1832 Reform Act

The reformation of the voting system allowing middle-class city dwellers the vote.

Rotten Boroughs

Constituencies with only a very small amount of voters.

The Chartists

People demanding political reform

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Develops the student's empathy with children of the 19th century and how modern political freedoms were won

Create a supportive community:

Understanding of the background to modern towns and cities in the UK, the nature of labour and campaigns against child labour, the roots of the emergence of the United Kingdom and a wealthy, industrialised nation.

Term 6: Why were thousands of Africans enslaved?

Why were thousands of Africans enslaved?

Non-British Depth Study.

- What was The Middle Passage?

- What was a slave auction like?

- Was life on the plantations the same for all slaves?

- Were the owners of the Zong guilty?

- How was Slavery abolished?

End of year exam.

Middle Passage

The slaves' journey between Africa and the American colonies

Slave auction

Where slaves were sold


A farm where the slaves worked on cotton, sugar and tobacco


Highly value commodity in the 18th century, worked on by slaves on plantations.

William Wilberforce

Major campaigner to end the slave trade.

American Civil War

War in the United States to end slavery

Confederate States of America

The breakaway country that broke away and then fought against the United States.

Battle of Gettysburg

Massive victory for the Union in the American Civil War

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

The understanding of content, context and provenance of a wide range of primary sources and historical interpretations in relation to slavery in the British Empire.

Create a supportive community:

The students learn the significance of slavery in the 18th century and the social consequences that is still around today and how they effect society.